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What is food and farming?

 

Food is something nutritious that we eat. It gives us energy and helps us to grow and keep our bodies healthy and strong. There are four main food groups: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins and minerals. Humans are omnivores, which means they are designed to eat food from either plants or animals.

When plants and animals are grown or reared on a large scale for people to eat, it is called farming.

There are three main different types of farm: arable, pastoral and mixed. Arable farms produce crops (for example, wheat or vegetables), while pastoral farms raise animals for meat, wool or dairy products. Mixed farming is when a farm grows crops as well as keeping animals.

 

Top 10 facts

  1. There are about 280,000 farms in Britain.
  2. Many farmers get up before 5am to start their day and at busy times may work up to 12hrs a day.
  3. Some chickens lay green eggs.
  4. Cattle in the UK have passports that keep a record of their birth and where they get moved to.
  5. If you used all the edible meat from one cow you could likely make over 1000 burgers.
  6. About 75% of the world’s population doesn’t drink cow’s milk as they are ‘intolerant’ of it which means they can’t digest the lactose in it after they stop being a baby.
  7. Nearly 30% of fruits and vegetables don’t get sold in the supermarkets because they don’t look nice enough or are the wrong shape.
  8. Bananas can travel over 5,000 miles before they reach our supermarkets. An apple picked from a tree in your garden only travels a few metres before it is eaten.
  9. Between 400 and 800 bars of chocolate can be made from one cocoa tree.
  10. The least common colour of natural foods is blue.

 

 

Northern and Southern hemisphere 

 

Northern Hemisphere 
The northern hemisphere is half of the north equator. Pretty much all of Asia is in the Northern Hemisphere, except for Indonesia, which crosses the equator and has most of its land in the Southern Hemisphere. Asia includes China, Russia and the rest of the former soviet states, Japan, India, and the Middle Eastern countries as well as islands like the Philippines. 
The different types of food can be grown in Asia include: 
· Grain crops, wheat, soybeans, corn 
China ranks first in worldwide farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, tomato, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed and soybeans. 
The main crops grown in Russia as measured by area cultivated are wheat, barley, sunflower seed, oats, potatoes and rye. 

 

Southern Hemisphere 
The southern hemisphere is warmer than the northern hemisphere. 
The countries in the southern hemisphere include; Uruguay and South Africa; the southern half of Chile and Argentina; parts of Australia, going south from Adelaide, and all of New Zealand and also Brazil. 
The different foods that are in Chile are; pork, beef, chicken, corn, rice, potatoes, mussels 
Also, in New Zealand a wide range of fruit crops are grown they include; oranges, lemons, avocados, berries, olives 
From Brazil we get coffee, cotton, corn, sugarcane, tobacco, beans 
From Australia we get, wheat, barley, sunflower seeds, oats and tobacco

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