Food is something nutritious that we eat. It gives us energy and helps us to grow and keep our bodies healthy and strong. There are four main food groups: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins and minerals. Humans are omnivores, which means they are designed to eat food from either plants or animals.
When plants and animals are grown or reared on a large scale for people to eat, it is called farming.
There are three main different types of farm: arable, pastoral and mixed. Arable farms produce crops (for example, wheat or vegetables), while pastoral farms raise animals for meat, wool or dairy products. Mixed farming is when a farm grows crops as well as keeping animals.
Northern and Southern hemisphere
The northern hemisphere is half of the north equator. Pretty much all of Asia is in the Northern Hemisphere, except for Indonesia, which crosses the equator and has most of its land in the Southern Hemisphere. Asia includes China, Russia and the rest of the former soviet states, Japan, India, and the Middle Eastern countries as well as islands like the Philippines.
The different types of food can be grown in Asia include:
· Grain crops, wheat, soybeans, corn
China ranks first in worldwide farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, tomato, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed and soybeans.
The main crops grown in Russia as measured by area cultivated are wheat, barley, sunflower seed, oats, potatoes and rye.
The southern hemisphere is warmer than the northern hemisphere.
The countries in the southern hemisphere include; Uruguay and South Africa; the southern half of Chile and Argentina; parts of Australia, going south from Adelaide, and all of New Zealand and also Brazil.
The different foods that are in Chile are; pork, beef, chicken, corn, rice, potatoes, mussels
Also, in New Zealand a wide range of fruit crops are grown they include; oranges, lemons, avocados, berries, olives
From Brazil we get coffee, cotton, corn, sugarcane, tobacco, beans
From Australia we get, wheat, barley, sunflower seeds, oats and tobacco