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Science

Science

To revise some of the topics we have covered this year, follow the links below. You will find videos to watch, information to read and activities.

Odd one out

Look at the images and come up with as many similarities and differences as you can. Think about -

  • appearance
  • what they do
  • where they might be found

Decide which one is the odd one out and why.

Animals need water to survive. Water is found on Earth’s surface in all three states: liquid, solid and gas. Ice and water vapour can both be changed into liquid water. Changes of state are reversible.

 

We are most familiar with animals that drink liquid water, including the ladybird. Some animals live in extreme environments where it is too hot or too cold to find liquid water on the surface. Some of these animals have adaptations (special features or behaviours) that help them change ice or water vapour into liquid water that they can drink.

 

Choose one of the animals to research and find out about how they have adapted to help them change ice or water vapour into liquid water that they can drink.

The human body

First, take a close-up look at the image.

Food gives us energy but we need other things too help us survive too. Our homes provide us with shelter – to keep us warm in winter and provide shade in summer.

 

Imagine what you might need to survive in an extreme environment, such as the arctic or a desert. Design a shelter that would give you the protection you need. Think also about how you could get water too.

Evolution

Evolution takes place over millennia. We can see how living things are adapted to their environments which shows how evolution has taken place over a very long time. For example, our hands allow us to do some intricate things but our evolutionary ancestors would not have had such good fine motor skills.  

 

To investigate this, try some challenges but do not allow the use of your thumbs:

  • Tie your shoelaces
  • Cut with scissors
  • Brush your hair
  • Draw or write.

 

If you are able to, look at the beaks of different garden birds. Their beaks are shaped to enable them to get their preferred food. What shape beaks do seed eaters have compared to those that eat worms?

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